19/09/2022 – CNC transfer bending machine “Speed Former”

Easy and reliable series production of hairpins

The “Speed Former” made by Wafios is the first machine that unites three well proven bending techniques from conventional wire and tube bending machines in one unique system.


Wafios AG offers with the “Speed Former” a completely new approach to the production of hairpins for the latest generation of electric motors. © Wafios


Mechanical insulation stripping. © Wafios

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A revolutionary bending concept for an economic combination of prototype production and series production of hairpins – Wafios AG offers with the “Speed Former” a completely new approach to the production of hairpins for the latest generation of electric motors.

New and very flexible bending concept
One of the bending techniques has been used for decades in Wafios CNC spring and wire forming machines and has now been modified and optimised for the bending of hairpins. This technique is used for simple hairpin bends and enables highest production speeds.

A new, patented bending technique has been developed, based on the rotary-draw bending technique for tubes. It is used for making complicated bends with overlapping geometry elements as they occur at the head of hairpins (“S shapes”). This new technique enables highest bending qualities and continuous process reliability as the processed material is clamped actively during the bending process ensuring highest bending accuracy even when processing inconstant materials.

In the so-called "twisting" process – the third of the three bending techniques – the feed unit is rotated in such a way that a defined twist of the hairpin legs can be produced. This is essential for the precise fit of the hairpins in the stator and for a perfect manufacture of the electric motor.

Reliable operation from prototyping to series production
The manufacturing principle of the prototype production is transferred one-to-one to large-scale production. Therefore, there are no risks in the transition from prototype production to series production. The “Speed Former” reduces series production cycle times from 6s to 10s per hairpin to 1s – 1.3s per hairpin. Identical production technologies, i.e. the same tools and bending techniques, are used in series production. As a result, series production can be started up smoothly, as the prototype production line can compensate any bottlenecks or adjustments through parallel production.

The tools, their programming and movements, of the prototype production line are identical to the tools of the “Speed Former”. Parts that have been approved on the prototype production line can be produced with the same kinematics on the series production line. As all tool data and programs can be transferred, the workload and risk in the start-up phase of series production are reduced to a minimum.

Highly flexible production of different hairpin geometries
The different hairpin geometries of the stator can be produced with only one set of tools because the three-dimensional bending process is carried out without shape-dependent tools. Compared to the conventional hairpin manufacturing process by pressing, this freedom of geometry enables the economical production of different hairpin variants on the “Speed Former”. As there is no need to change any tools and as the production is CNC-controlled, batch size 1 production can be realised at full production speed.

Another special feature of the machine is that the hairpins are programmed based on their geometry. This means that the operator enters the bending angle, the leg length and the twisting angle into a simple table in the order specified by the geometry of the hairpin. Based on this table, the system calculates the axis movements fully automatically in the background and in real time. This does not only facilitate the production of new hairpins, but also allows quick corrections, e.g. during the initial setup.

High process reliability and consistently good quality
CNC-controlled bending movements ensure a high level of process reliability. In any forming process, fluctuations in the material properties or geometries of the copper wire or coating can affect the geometries produced. Due to the CNC bending processes used by the “Speed Former”, bending angles and bending positions can be corrected by the software at any time. In combination with the camera monitoring system, an in-process control of the bending operations is possible. This distinguishes the “Speed Former” significantly from conventional machines that use shape-dependent tools.

Reduced material changing times thanks to an automated straightening system
A production line with two separate pay-off units enables a rapid change of wire coils without an interruption of the production process. The wire coil is pre-adjusted on the pay-off unit system, that can be swivelled in, which reduces the machinery system's downtime to a minimum.

The straightening process of the source material is another time consuming process. Depending on the operator's expertise and the material's quality, a lot of time is required to set up the straightening system. Furthermore, a lot of source material is used up unnecessarily. With the automatic Wafios straightening system, the straightening device is automatically adjusted to a new coil. Material fluctuations within the coil are not compensated. The system increases the straightening quality and straightness of the enamelled copper wire without requiring any intervention by the operator. At the same time, set-up times for material changes are reduced.

All in all, the Wafios “Speed Former” is an economic and safe investment in the long term. It meets the high quality requirements of the automobile industry, like e.g. high output, small space requirements, flexible hairpin geometries, simple transfer of prototypes to series production, low tool costs, high quality and production reliability. The “Speed Former” can be seamlessly integrated into the overall stator production system.

See the “Speed Former” live at the 3rd RED (Reutlingen E-Mobility Days) on October 18 – 20, 2022. Aside from Wafios, there will be numerous, well-known co-exhibitors presenting their solutions for electrified drivetrains. For more information go to https://emobility-days.wafios.com/

Wafios AG
Silberburgstrasse 5
72764 Reutlingen
Tel.: +49 7121 146-0